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钢筋混凝土化粪池如何进行疏通?

来源:  发布时间:2021-07-15 14:40:54

大家都知道,钢筋混凝土化粪池是一种处理粪便并过滤粪便的装置,原理是固化物质在池底分解,上层的水合物流入管道,防止管道堵塞,固化物体有足够的时间进行水解。但是在在化粪池投入使用过程中,堵塞冒水或水位上涨的问题虽然不常见,仍需要对有关的堵塞现象原因分析及如何疏通清掏清理处理。
As we all know, reinforced concrete septic tank is a device for treating feces and filtering feces. The principle is that the solidified substances are decomposed at the bottom of the tank, the hydrate at the upper layer flows into the pipeline, preventing the pipeline from blocking, and the solidified objects have enough time to hydrolyze. But in the process of the septic tank put into use, although the problem of plugging water or rising water level is not common, it is still necessary to analyze the causes of the blockage and how to dredge and clean up the sewage tank.
化粪池疏通方法及施工流程:
Septic tank dredging method and construction process:
1.检查清洗对象:宾馆、饭店、住宅的下水管道和设备不外乎洗浴间的浴池、喷头、盆池等及其连接的管道;厕所内的大便池、小便池及其连接的管道;厨房用的水池、地漏及其连接管道以及它们连接室外污水井的管道等。在清洗之前,首先应搞清楚管道的来龙去脉,并了解使用年限,使用情况,堵塞情况,埋入和露出建筑物部分有无损坏等问题。
1. Check the cleaning objects: the sewer pipes and equipment of hotels, restaurants and residences are no more than the baths, sprinklers, basins and other connected pipes in the bathrooms; The urinal and urinal in the toilet and their connecting pipes; The kitchen sink, floor drain and their connecting pipes, as well as the pipes connecting them to the outdoor sewage well, etc. Before cleaning, first of all, we should make clear the origin and development of the pipeline, and understand the service life, usage, blockage, whether the buried and exposed parts of the building are damaged.
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2.分段:将需要清洗的管线分成若干个清洗段,这一工作在清洗前需要做好。各种建筑物,其楼层数、单元数不相同,下水道和设备容积也不尽一样。为便于管道疏通,一般要分成几个小的清洗段,分段的办法主要根据下水道的容积、楼层的高低、清洗方便,以及分段的可能性。一般以一个单元内的三、四层楼为一段较好。
2. Subsection: divide the pipeline to be cleaned into several cleaning sections, which should be done well before cleaning. All kinds of buildings have different number of floors, units, sewers and equipment volume. In order to facilitate the pipeline dredging, it is generally divided into several small cleaning sections. The method of subsection mainly depends on the volume of the sewer, the height of the floor, the convenience of cleaning, and the possibility of subsection. Generally, it is better to take three or four floors in a unit as a section.
3.堵口:这是清洗中的重要一环。首先将自上而下的销量好个分段处堵死,此分段处一般在管道干线的观察孔(手孔)处,然后将与大气相通的通口和与其他管线并联的通口堵死,只留下该段上方的两个通口,一个口用来进清洗液,一个口用来排除气体。
3. Plugging: This is an important part of cleaning. First, block the top-down section, which is generally at the observation hole (handhole) of the main pipeline, then block the opening connected with the atmosphere and the opening in parallel with other pipelines, leaving only two openings above the section, one for cleaning fluid and the other for gas.
4.试漏:堵口工作完毕后,要进行试漏。试漏的方法是这样:从留下的该段上方的进液口处向里加水,直至加满该系统,并观察水位是否下降,若下降,查找漏处,处理漏口,若能保持水位,即可进行下一步操作。
4. Leakage test: leakage test shall be carried out after plugging. The leakage test method is as follows: add water from the liquid inlet above the left section until the system is filled, and observe whether the water level drops. If it drops, find the leakage and deal with the leakage. If the water level can be maintained, the next operation can be carried out.
5.清洗:按分成的若干段自上而下一一进行清洗,加酸的方法同试漏加水的方法相同,一般采用浸泡式清洗。若清洗速度过慢或停止时,垢又没洗净,可适当更换一部分清洗液,继续清洗,直至洗净。
5. Cleaning: the cleaning is carried out one by one from top to bottom according to several sections. The method of adding acid is the same as that of adding water for leakage test. Generally, immersion cleaning is adopted. If the cleaning speed is too slow or stops, and the scale is not cleaned, a part of the cleaning solution can be replaced properly, and the cleaning can be continued until it is cleaned.
上面就是小编为大家讲解的关于化粪池疏通的几个方法,化粪池如果满了就需要进行清理。但是我们在日常的过程中,还是需要定期去检查化粪池是否存在溢出和堵塞的情况,以避免日后产生大的的影响。
The above is a small series for you to explain about the septic tank dredge a few methods, if the septic tank is full, you need to clean up. But in our daily process, we still need to check whether there is overflow and blockage in the septic tank on a regular basis, in order to avoid a big impact in the future.
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